The largest elasticities that I find are in response to changes in child health. Monogamy is the type of marriage wherein one man marries only one woman at a time. Honorable Henry Hyde was the Chairman of the US House of Representatives Ethics Committee which sat in judgment over President Bill Clinton’s sexual recklessness, particularly, the Monica Lewinsky issue. Polygamy in the data is largely bigamy – 72% of respondents report that they are the only wife, 19% report that their husband has two wives, 7% … It has led to matrimonial infidelity. Adverse local rainfall shocks experienced in a woman’s adolescent years make her more likely to marry a polygamist. I could go on and on. I test whether polygamy responds to economic incentives, to economic shocks, and to the process of economic development. 108-109). We also noticed that the schools brimmed with healthy, appropriate school-going age population. Second, economists since Becker (1974) have argued that polygamy can only exist where there is inequality between men. By contrast, I use data on colonial teachers and missions from Huillery (2009) and Nunn (2011) to show that areas that received more colonial-era educational investment show lower levels of polygamy in the present. Yet, they mount the higher ground to preach superior moral values … The advent of monogamy has led to prostitution. Getting the best women in town as a trophy made possible by success therefore became an added incentive for young adult men to work hard. All that I know is that at a certain point in time, that time honored tradition of polygamy flourished to the benefit of mankind. It shows that polygamy is permitted in countries predominantly in Africa and Asia, including Algeria, Mali, Niger, Saudi Arabia and Iran. African Culture Africa is a gigantic continent, with deserts, rivers, mountains. How can we succumb easily without hesitation, without scrutiny, without question? It has led to serial divorce and has broken more homes than when the fine ideal of polygamy ruled the world. Polygamy is legally recognized in South Africa, although it is uncommon, and President Zuma has been married six times, although he currently only has four wives. They preach one thing and practice the other. In recent research (Fenske 2013) I use DHS data on 494,157 women from 34 countries to document these trends over space and time. Westerners who introduced Christianity with powerful evangelization were masters of deceit. A ‘polygamy belt’ stretches across Africa, from Senegal through to Tanzania, in which it is not uncommon for a third of married women to share their husbands (Jacoby 1995). Don’t be shy about it. It is of two types: Serial monogamy is when a person can get remarried in case of divorce or It was a forthright age. How could we have imbibed Western culture so wholesomely without resistance? It is wicked for men of worth, of circumstance and means not to have more than one wife, or as many as they could sustain as was the case in the good days of our ancestors. It has led to serial divorce and has broken more homes than … The various marriage ceremonies performed in Africa begin with the initial introduction between the groom and bride. It is widely followed all across the world today. We saw Okada riders have as many as three wives. We observed them live happily with their spouses. Polygamy is concentrated in west Africa and has declined in recent decades. Why shouldn’t he get into the world to increase and multiply? Despite extreme behavioral diversity between and within species, monogamy … Every successful man or woman on earth that we can recollect has at one time or the other been connected with multiple sex partners. These hypotheses are motivated by a simple model, and by previous theories and findings from economics, anthropology, and African history. He could not continue chairing that all-important committee and it was thereafter that the impeachment saga of Bill Clinton began to have a K-leg [Nigerian English used figuratively to refer to something that has gone awry, as in: “his plans have developed K-leg.” – ed.]. An African slave trade perspective”, forthcoming in Economic Development and Cultural Change. – with pride. I am not able to find any correlation between wealth inequality recorded in the DHS and the probability that a woman is polygamous. I show the decline of polygamy over time for a selection of countries in Figure 2. Fashion that at the time they were preaching Christianity with the concomitant admonition for man to love his neighbor in one breath, they had a gun in the other hand pushing deep into Africa in an unbridled conquest. Don't let the name fool you. Europe, Australia and America are included in the areas where polygamy is fully outlawed. In many places in Africa, as women gain a voice and rights, polygamy declines. - Webinar I of the Maryam Annual Forum 2020, Democracy and Disinformation - Webinar II of the Maryam Annual Forum 2020, 7th Empirical Management Conference – Virtual Edition, Homeownership of immigrants in France: selection effects related to international migration flows, Climate Change and Long-Run Discount Rates: Evidence from Real Estate, The Permanent Effects of Fiscal Consolidations, Demographics and the Secular Stagnation Hypothesis in Europe, QE and the Bank Lending Channel in the United Kingdom, Independent report on the Greek official debt, Rebooting the Eurozone: Step 1 – Agreeing a Crisis narrative. slowing down the work of the European missionary in Africa if not grinding it to a halt Mary Slessor’s work for example, was almost reduced to nothing in Calabar and environs because she condemned polygamy and other notable culture of the people. Edlund, L and N-P Lagerlöf (2012), “Polygyny and Its Discontents: Paternal Age and Human Capital Accumulation”, working paper. Polygyny and Christian Marriage in Africa: The Case of Benin Douglas J. Falen Abstract: Since the arrival of European missionaries in Africa, there has been charged debate over people's marriage choices. There, our team saw men of little means, oblige nature. Is it in tune with our culture? At the height of his career, he had free access to the White House. Even Jimmy Carter, the righteous-looking Baptist gentleman at least conceded to have once looked lustfully at a woman. In the present day, this prevalence is almost unique to Africa. Monogamy, though present and practiced in traditional Africa, was not as widely spread as polygamy (Waruta, 2005, pp. For in the innermost hearts of most women, it would have been better to get married to a polygamist than to stay unmarried or marry a man whom they do not love. I add the caveat, however, that the result stems largely from the broad contrast of West Africa to the rest of the continent. A raw correlation between year of birth and polygamy will confound time trends with age effects, since a young lone wife may later become a polygamist’s senior wife. African woman, yield to the enticement of the African man. Godson Offoaro Similarly, geographic predictors of inequality that have been used in other studies also predict the existence of polygamy in the present. In Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea, and Senegal, more than 60% of married women recorded in DHS data in 1970 were polygamists at the time they were surveyed. Reverend Jesse Jackson too. It was the golden age of realism. In 2012, activists protested Zuma’s budget of 1.2 million pounds The people’s internally/naturally generated HIV/AIDS prevention mechanisms have been carefully implemented through the prescriptions of the natural laws of nature. The Yoruba call this ‘Mo mi i mo e’ (know me and let me know you) while the Igbo call it ‘Ikutu aka n’ulo’ (Knock on the door). Throughout the continent, the diversity of systems reflects the traditions, religions, and economic circumstances of a wide variety of distinct cultures. Nunn, N (2011), “Gender and Missionary Influence in Colonial Africa”, forthcoming in African Poverty of the Longue Durée. In South Africa, Egypt, Eritrea, Morocco and Malaysia – and in Iran and Libya (with the written consent of the first wife). And talking of prostitution, if there were no buyers, would there have been any sellers? Polygamy: Although polygamy was quite common in the past now it is only tolerated. As it becomes fashionable to school your children (and you often have to pay for it in Africa), children become too expensive. Further, I find that history matters. Several theories link polygamy to poverty. Required fields are marked *. First, I exploit two natural experiments that have increased female education in Nigeria and Zimbabwe, and find no causal effect of women’s schooling on polygamy. Although contemporary female education does not reduce polygamy, areas with more educational investment in the past have less polygamy today. He preached to presidents and provided for all the spiritual needs of men of timber and caliber. When he could not bear the heat, he succumbed to the spectacular lure of polygamy. growth, Africa, slave trade, fertility, Poverty, polygamy, Professor in the Department of Economics, University of Warwick, Bozio, Garbinti, Goupille-Lebret, Guillot, Piketty, 8 December 2020 - 8 June 2021 / Online seminar / CEPR, 8 - 8 December 2020 / Webinar / CEPR and LSE, 8 - 8 December 2020 / Webinar / LSE and CEPR, 9 - 10 December 2020 / Online / Cornell University, Eichengreen, Avgouleas, Poiares Maduro, Panizza, Portes, Weder di Mauro, Wyplosz, Zettelmeyer, Baldwin, Beck, Bénassy-Quéré, Blanchard, Corsetti, De Grauwe, den Haan, Giavazzi, Gros, Kalemli-Ozcan, Micossi, Papaioannou, Pesenti, Pissarides , Tabellini, Weder di Mauro, Climate, ecosystem resilience, and the slave trade, Revitalising multilateralism: A new eBook, CEPR International Virtual Organization Economics Seminars - Seminar 8 - The Misallocation of Women's Talent Across Countries: Evidence from Personnel Data, CEPR Advanced Forum in Financial Economics, New Rules for Finance & Global Financial Architecture? Though the speed of the decline has differed across countries, its presence has been widespread. Abiola, of Nigeria's Yoruba tribe, a self-made billionaire and chairman of ITT Nigeria, has 26 wives), but the paternal claim he can lay upon any of them. The menfolk who mount the pulpit of higher moral compass to preach against social evils as prostitution, are even the worst culprits. ), Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility: 11–26. Red dots are polygamists, while blue dots are monogamists. The Daily Sun (October 18 & 25, 2010) (edited), Your email address will not be published. I present sample trends in Figure 2. Why do journalists and supposedly people of conscience shout at the rooftops in protest whenever a man who society thought ought to have only one wife takes a second, third and maybe more wives? I map African polygamy in Figure 1. He would counsel Clinton in the day only to, at night, retire to the warm embrace of his lover. A poor man from the west who is caught practicing polygamy in whatever guise is treated with leprosy hate …. His retort, which bordered on absurdity and laughable tongue in cheek explanation, was that the incident, which happened when he was in his early 40s was a case of youthful indiscretion and exuberance. Topics:  While President John F. Kennedy was the commander in chief of the U.S. Armed Forces and the loving husband to Jackie, he was having a running affair with Marilyn Monroe. Let’s therefore pause, and pay deserving tribute to the great people of Oyo kingdom whose study shows they have very low HIV/AIDS incidence. Polygamy is most concentrated in West Africa, though it is by no means limited there. Predicted polygamy by year of birth for 30-year-old women. Geographic variation in women’s agricultural productivity does not predict differences in the prevalence of polygamy, but historical inequality and exposure to the slave trade do. He made a lady pregnant and kept it secret. 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