However, these numbers are so close that both hardwoods will tend to perform equally well once they’ve been installed, finished and sealed. Red oak, which has a Janka rating of 1290, is the most popular U.S. hardwood species and is an industry benchmark for correlating the relative hardness of different hardwood species. Ash. Janka wood hardness rating/resistant to denting: 1335. closed. Yellow Birch. American Black Walnut. White Oak flooring has been noted as being harder than Red Oak with a Janka hardness rating of approximately 1360. It ranges in color from light brown to a rich, dark brown. White Oak has a smoother grain . Species Characteristics: Like Red Oak, White Oak has a resistance to shock and a significant stiffness and density. Workability: Both red and white oak have good resistance to splitting and excellent holding ability. Red Birch. Red oak is used as the standard and its hardness is 1,290 on the Janka scale. Janka hardness. Flooors by LTL White Lacquer Oak Engineered Hardwood Flooring Sample. White oak's numerical hardness value is 1360. Janka Hardness: White oak has a ranking of 1360, while red oak is 1290. In the tangential direction, red oak hardness values ranged from 3.8 to 10.5 kN with a mean of 6.3 kN and coefficient of variation of 19.13%. 4397 New York Highway 9, Warrensburg, New York 12885, United States. Janka Hardness Rating: With a Janka Hardness rating of 1360 out of 4000, the White Oak species is in the medium range of American hardwoods. California Redwood. 4397 New York Highway 9, Warrensburg, New York 12885, United States. Oak & Broad offers two of the most popular choices in terms of Janka hardness. White Oak flooring has less pronounced finer graining and warmer golden brown tones. The test is done by measuring the force that is required to drive in a steel ball into a specific plank of wood. Oak also wears very well over years of tough use and hides minor dents and wear very well in its wide and thick grain pattern. Red Oak, Southern. Green River Lumber. The Janka Hardness test is designed to measure the density or hardness of different types of wood. 518-260-8210 There are many grades of White Oak flooring available. Note that this does not have an impact on scratching…that is determined by the type of polyurethane or finish. White Oak, Janka Hardness Rating 1360. Consistent, neutral color and grain, Northern White Oak is ideal for custom staining. Overview. This species of oak measures approximately 1360 on the Janka hardness rating which shows a wood's relative hardness when compared to other types of wood. Northern Red Oak. Also, it has a Janka scale rating of 1360. Natural Coloring of White Oak ranges from golden/browns with gray undertones. Bamboo. Northern Hard Maple. Janka Hardness: White oak has a ranking of 1360, while red oak is 1290. Janka Hardness: 1360. Interested in hardwood flooring for your home? Flooring choices can range comparably from hard maple or wenge to red oak to even softer than Douglas fir in hardness. Red Oak is just as durable and sturdy. Construction: 3 ply engineered Hardwood Flooring. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. If you are not familiar with the differences in Maple lumbers. The Janka Hardness Scale is a test used to determine the hardness and density of a hardwood ... Another thing to consider is that most coatings, when scratched, will create a white mark on the floor. This Janka scale rating determines the hardness of the wood plank. rift sawn has a tighter grain pattern, while quarter sawn has a flake pattern, or medullary rays. This makes it a bit more resilient when it comes to denting. Ages Well; Most products that are made of wood ages with time and acquire a warm patina. Grain: Rays are longer and more open than red oak with some swirls and burls. and maple a bit harder than that at 1,450. Color. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter. Grades of Plain-sawn White Oak Flooring Available: White Oak is a widely used wood for flooring, but not to the vast extent of Red Oak. Janka Rating: White oak has a slightly higher Janka rating than its very near relative, Red Oak. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. Bamboo is a bit harder at 1,380 (see my past blog on bamboo flooring – is it hard or soft?) Red oak sands better than white; by contrast, white oak has better machining qualities. While there are plenty of hard domestic wood species, some of the hardest woods come from exotic trees in countries like Peru, Brazil, and Africa. Color: Light brown with golden tones. T: 518-260-8210 The Janka Scale can even reveal subtle hardness differences between woods that appear to be quite similar. White oak is bit harder then red oak on the janka hardness scale (white oak is 1360 vs red oak is 1290). Sapwood and wide growth rings are more prevalent in Southern White Oak . American Cherry . slider closed. The idea of the Janka rating gives consumers an idea … The list below is sorted by hardness, softest to lightest. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. The White Oak is very resistant to insect and fungal attacks because of its high tannin content. Wood species: Oak. The diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters. Consult with us today! Each plank features a beveled edge and beveled end. The durability of any flooring is dependent on the overall hardness of the wood. With a Janka hardness scale of approximately 1360, white oak is extremely resilient, especially in comparison to red oak. Douglas Fir. For red oak, Janka hardness values in the radial direction ranged from 3.9 to 10.2 kN, with a mean value of 5.8 kN and coefficient of variation of 19.19%. The higher the number, the harder the wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. No, White Oak is harder then Red Oak but there are many species that are stronger then both based on the Janka Wood Hardness scale. A resistance to fungi and insects spawns from White Oak’s tannic acid content. Hardness and Grain On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. White Oak has been known to have been used for hundreds of years in … In addition to an increased shock and wear resistance, characterized by a cream, white, or light brown color, white oak flooring, an all oak species, features an open yet somewhat coarse grain. It is important to note that Janka hardness does not take into account wood density nor weight. The Janka hardness values have been indicated below for your reference. Even American white oak engineered flooring is durable due to its multiple layers of hardwood backing. Janka Rating of White Oak Flooring. Red oak sands better than white; by contrast, white oak has better machining qualities. Red Oak is slightly softer than White Oak. With a rating of 1290 on the Janka Hardness Scale, Red Oak garners a QW hardness score of 9 out of 10. White oak features a unique grain structure and has a JANKA rating of 1360. Janka hardness test is very important when it comes to choosing a new floor. When it comes to general strength, oak is also the winner, but fir is more workable. According to the Janka scale, White Oak is slightly harder at 1360, compared to Red Oak’s score of 1290. Because it is harder, it accepts stain color more evenly than Red Oak flooring does. White Oak is somewhat harder on the Janka scale than Red Oak (at 1290). As the name says, White Oak will not have the red coloration like a Red Oak, but a light to medium brown, sometimes with a gray or olive tint. Oak, Walnut and Janka Hardness. This page is devoted exclusively to Plain-sawn White Oak. Janka hardness results for red oak and white oak are listed in Table 4. Janka Hardness: (Pounds-force) 1,300 lbf (5,780 N) ... White Oak is most abundant in Appalachian/Central region states including Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee & West Virginia. White Oak has a bit higher Janka score than its Red cousin, with a score of 1,350. Southern Soft Maple. White oak flooring comes in at 1,360, whereas black walnut flooring comes in at 1,010; malleable but durable, both options work perfectly for residential use. Hardness. Features longer than average lengths - up to 84-in. Alder on the other hand is usually very consistent as far as its weight is concerned from piece to piece. Because of the harder grain White Oak flooring takes stain colors very evenly. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. Color Specifications: Unselected, … Janka Hardness: Pine woods can vary widely in hardness from species to species. Northern White Oak. Poplar or Tulip Tree (Liniodendron tulipfera), the tallest of United States hardwood trees, grows throughout the eastern part of the country. Green River Lumber. The floors are made from wood chosen for its outstanding character. Poplar. Generally, the higher the Janka hardness test rating, the harder or stronger the wood will be. JANKA HARDNESS SCALE: 1290 (red oak) to 1360 (white oak) View Product Gallery. European White Oak generally has a tighter grain, smaller growth rings, and more uniform color than American White Oak (Quercus alba). Red Oak has a Janka hardness rating of 1290, while White Oak’s rating is 1360, making it slightly more impervious to dents and scratches. Hickory/Pecan. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. White oak, which is more exclusive than red oak, should be priced higher than red oak. Southern Yellow Pine. The rustic floors embody the natural feeling of the … The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters). The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. Item #2886897 Model #HAFLRS9285. For example, certain species of Ash are inconsistent where one piece may be heavy while another may be light in weight. Workability: Both red and white oak have good resistance to splitting and excellent holding ability. For many years, Oak was almost exclusively finished in Natural, Light (Golden) and Medium finishes. That is a similar score to Ash, Australian Cypress, and Hard Maple flooring. Finish Options: Timberline partners with a local company to offer custom staining to meet the look you’re trying achieve. Both red oak and white oak are harder than Douglas-fir wood. Made with tongue and groove construction which allows for a nail down or staple down installation White Oak is a domestic wood species similar to Red Oak, but harder on the Janka Hardness Scale (Red Oak is 1290). About White Oak White Oak also know as American White Oak is valued for its density, strength and resiliency and because of its closed cellular structure is preferred for use in furniture, martial arts weapons and interior finishes including hardwood flooring. Qty. These scratches will be more visible on darker floors due to the colour contrast of the dark floor and light scratch. Widely available, poplar is a straight-grained, strong, medium density wood that's easy to machine, plane, turn, glue, and bore. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. The Janka rating for red oak, the softer of the two oaks, is 1,220 pounds-force, while that for Douglas-fir is only 620, which is a little more than half. White Oak from Southern states is often the least expensive and exhibits larger average board sizes. WHITE OAK SPECIES NOTES. White Oak flooring is also more stable. White oak is just a bit harder at 1,360. The Janka Hardness scale is used to determine a hardwood’s resistance to dents, dings and scratches. Janka Hardness Scale.
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