It came out as the beginning of the Iron Age, perhaps even the end of the Bronze Age, nearly 3,000 years ago.”. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Dragon Hill is a small hillock immediately below the Uffington White Horse on the border of the civil parishes of Uffington and Woolstone in the English county of Oxfordshire.In 1974 it was transferred from Berkshire.. Dragon Hill is a natural chalk hill with an artificially flattened top (on the scarp slope of White Horse Hill); according to legend, Saint George slew the dragon here. With its elegant lines of white chalk bedrock, the Horse is thought to be the oldest hill figure in Britain. Terms of Use That meant it was possible to use a technique called optical stimulated luminescence to date layers of quartz in the trench. Earth Mysteries - The Uffington White Horse, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cheval_blanc_d%27Uffington&oldid=173689084, Propriété du National Trust dans l'Oxfordshire, Page avec coordonnées similaires sur Wikidata, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Sciences humaines et sociales/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. What makes the Uffington White Horse’s 3,000-year lifespan unbelievable, is that people have kept it up all this time. The people who come to the chalking have a variety of motivations. His horse paintings might have inspired 18th and 19th century horse carvings. The White Horse is carved into the chalk hillside just above Uffington. High quality Uffington White Horse gifts and merchandise. I’m a neo-Pagan and I feel it connects me to the land. Kings, saints, goddesses, fire-breathing dragons and a giant horse… Uffington in south Oxfordshire is one of the most intriguing and atmospheric places in Britain. But the work is done by anyone who wants to come along. 1 Helpful vote. Le Cheval blanc d'Uffington est la représentation d'une silhouette chevaline de très grande taille creusée dans la partie supérieure d'une colline de craie qui fait partie de l'escarpement des Berkshire Downs et donne sur le Val du Cheval blanc au nord, dans le comté d'Oxfordshire en Angleterre. Le nom de White Horse Hill est attesté depuis 1070, sous le règne de Guillaume Ier (1066-1087)[1]. 8 news items, 91 images, 15 fieldnotes, 6 pieces of folklore, 15 weblinks, plus information on many more ancient sites nearby and across the UK & Ireland. Kilburn White Horse (Dreamstime) The largest and most northerly hill figure in England, the Kilburn White Horse was carved into a chalk hill in the North York Moors National Park by a local resident who had been inspired after visiting the White Horse at Uffington. Continue Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Helpful. The Uffington White Horse is another chalk figure, but it dates from a much earlier period. Situé près du Ridgeway, un chemin qui parcourt la vallée de craie, près d'Uffington Castle (en) et Dragon Hill (en), le Cheval blanc d'Uffington est probablement la plus ancienne figure de craie (géoglyphe) connue en Angleterre. Date of experience: March 2019. Discover Uffington White Horse in Oxfordshire, England: The granddaddy of English geoglyphs dates back to the late Bronze Age. La première référence au cheval proprement dit, par les bénédictins d'Abingdon Abbey, date de 1190[2]. Dated to around 1400 BCE just above the White Horse is Uffington Castle which is a neolithic hill fort. It has been maintained by periodic shaping and filling of the design with fresh chalk rocks. Dragon Hill itself is an artificially levelled chalk outcrop below and immediately in front of the Uffington White Horse. It was not just scratched into the chalk hillside, but rather dug in, up to 3 feet deep. La raison d'être de cette figure a donné lieu à de multiples théories[2] : représentation du cheval de la grande déesse cavalière Épona, monument commémorant la victoire du roi Alfred sur les Danois en 871, voire représentation liée au chef anglo-saxon semi-légendaire du Ve siècle Hengist[3]. Owned by the National Trust. and 550 B.C. The white horse at Uffington is one of the few prehistoric chalk drawings that retains it's early form (based on horse figures in Celtic coins I've seen). But to the people who live near and tend the horse, it’s a monumental reminder of Britain’s ancient past. Une datation plus récente, menée dans les années 1990 par Simon Palmer et David Miles de l'Oxford Archaeological Unit, démontre néanmoins que la figure date de l'âge du bronze[4]. White Horse Hill is actually a collection of three prehistoric sites owned by English Heritage and managed by The National Trust: Uffington ‘Castle’, Dragon Hill, and White Horse Hill. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Unlike other, more realistic chalk horses inscribed on England's hillsides (yes there are several), the Uffington figure appears to be in motion, almost flying over the hill. Conservation organization the National Trust oversees the chalking, making sure the original shape of the horse is maintained. Residents in the village reportedly arrange their rooms so that they sit facing the horse. Chalk carvings like the Uffington Horse require constant upkeep to keep grass from overtaking it, or the chalk from fading away. Across the flank of the hill runs an enormous white, abstract stick figure horse cut from the chalk itself. This is the Uffington White Horse, the oldest of the English hill figures. Uffington White Horse. If you look at it from below, the sun rises from behind it and crosses over it. It has long been debated whether the chalk figure is intended to represent a horse or some other animal. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. Uffington White Horse is an awe inspiring site that can seen from miles away overlooking the head of a dry valley in Ridgeway Escarpment. It’s a 3,000-year-old pictogram the size of a football field and visible from 20 miles away. “We already knew it must be ancient, because it’s mentioned in the 12th-century manuscript The Wonders of Britain, so it was obviously old then. Most of them were carved in the 18th and 19th centuries, so they are all modern compared to the Uffington one. Uffington White Horse. It lies by the Ridgeway, the ancient route that ran from Dorset to the Wash and still crosses the chalk ridges of the Berkshire Downs. 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. Daté du bronze final, il offre une représentation schématique du cheval avec un corps allongé et des jambes disjointes, très proche de ce que l'on peut observer sur les pièces de monnaie celtiques[5]. These days it’s a quieter event. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Measuring almost four hundred feet long, the figure was created by filling dug trenches with powdered chalk. The Uffington White Horse is a highly stylised prehistoric hill figure, 374 feet (110 m) long, formed from deep trenches filled with crushed white chalk. The hill forms a part of the Berkshire Downs and overlooks the Vale of White Horse to the north. On this July morning black specks dot the lower slopes as small groups of people trudge slowly upwards. Advertising Notice “There is something very special about this landscape that attracts people,” says archaeologist David Miles. Uffington White Horse (Hill Figure) on The Modern Antiquarian, the UK & Ireland's most popular megalithic community website. Lucy Bartholomew has brought her children. This large figure has seen little new interpretation since the early twentieth century. The Uffington White Horse is high on an escarpment of the Berkshire Downs below Whitehorse Hill, a mile and a half south of the village of Uffington. The Uffington Horse, Uffington 'Castle' and Dragon Hill are all located beside the ancient track called the ' Ridgeway '. Experts believe the horse to be around 3,000 years old, but a recent geophysical survey has revealed that it is not the only ancient work of art in the area. In the past, thousands of people would come for the scouring, holding a fair in the circle of a prehistoric fort nearby. White Horse Inn (Stop 10) Wayland’s Smithy Neolithic burial site is just 1 mile from the Uffington White Horse. Smithsonian Institution. “It looks like it’s bounding across the hillside. “It’s the world’s largest coloring between the lines,” says George Buce, one of the participants. The Uffington white horse. “It’s good to be able to explain to them why it’s here.” For Geoff Weaver, it’s the imperative to preserve history. “We’re really excited that we’re cleaning the eye today. Tradition claims the bare chalk patch on the top of the hill to have been caused by the blood spilled when St. George slew the dragon. “It must have happened in this way since it was put on the hillside,” he says. In Celtic art, horses are often shown pulling the chariot of the sun, so that may be what they were thinking of here.”. A short walk away you will find Wayland’s Smithy and ancient long Barrow site. The horse is one of many chalk figures scatted across the English countryside. It is best seen from the air or … Read more. This is the heart of rural England and the horse is one of the country’s most recognizable landmarks, an identity badge stamped into the landscape. The only sounds are the wind, distant birdsong and the thumping of hammers on the chalk that can be felt through the feet. “The ceremony of scouring the Horse, from time immemorial, has been solemnized by a numerous concourse of people from all the villages roundabout,” he wrote. In the 1990s, he led an excavation of the site that established the prehistoric date for the horse. Vote Now! 6,451 acres (2,612 hectares) according to VCH Berks (1924), ie, including Balking and Woolstone; it was measured as 3,205 acres according to 1851 census, probably without these chapelries. My home is in Uffington, Oxfordshire, under the oldest white horse chalk figure, which has inspired my ‘Uffington White Horse’ range of tableware. A Grey Horse by George Stubbs, 1793. It is only from the valley below that the whole picture can be taken in. During World War II, it was covered over with turf and hedge trimmings so Luftwaffe bombers couldn’t use it for navigation. Up on the hill it’s not possible to view the whole horse at once; the curve of the slope gets in the way, the sheer scale of it confuses the eye. Carved into the chalk of a hillside in southern England, the Uffington White Horse is utterly unique. It is believed to have been carved into the hillside near the town of Uffington, in Oxfordshire, sometime during the late Bronze Age, between 1380 B.C. La silhouette du cheval est linéaire et tracée dans la craie sous-jacente à la couche d'humus. The Ridgeway, Britain’s oldest road, runs nearby. Before the excavation, it was thought that the design was only scratched into the chalk surface, and therefore un-datable, but Miles’ team discovered the figure was actually cut into the hill up to a meter deep. The Berkshire Downs where the horse lies are scattered with prehistoric remains. However, it has been called a horse since the eleventh century at least. The site is maintained by English Heritage, access via the Ridgeway (Tel: 0870 333 1181) Ashdown House is a nearby 17th century chalk house in Lambourne, RG17 8RE. “If people didn’t look after it the horse would be gone within 20 to 30 years; overgrown and eroded. Le Cheval blanc a toujours été régulièrement entretenu. The image is a stylised representation of a horse (some would say dragon) some 374 feet in length. This unique stylized representation of a horse consists of a long sleek back, thin disjointed legs, a streaming tail, and bird-like beaked head. Le Cheval blanc d'Uffington est la représentation d'une silhouette chevaline de très grande taille creusée dans la partie supérieure d'une colline de craie qui fait partie de l'escarpement des Berkshire Downs et donne sur le Val du Cheval blanc au nord, dans le comté d'Oxfordshire en Angleterre. 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