As a white-rot fungi they break down the lignin in wood and help in decomposing our dying trees. Scientia Agricola, 62:127-132. This is because spores are likely to yield a new str… Oyster mushroom cultivation market is expected to grow at a rate of 4.30% in the forecast period 2020 to 2027. This cereal grain/mycelium mixture is called spawn and is used to seed mushroom substrate. Mycological Research, 100(6):717-731. Classification of Mushrooms Mushroom is a fleshy fruiting body of some fungi arising from a group of mycelium buried in substratum. The cultivation of Pleurotus pulmonarius is very similar to how one would cultivate other types of Pleurotus species like P. ostreatus by transferring mycelium from a petri plate onto grain and then transferring the grain spawn after the mycelium colonizes it to substrates of straw, wood chips, sawdust, cardboard, coffee grounds, and other cellulose-based substrates. Preferred Scientific Name. Gonzalez P; Labarère J, 2000. (Agaricales s. I., Basidiomycetes). In: Royse DJ, ed. Oei P, 2005. Bibliotheca Mycologica, 87:1-87. , An orally administered hot water extract of P. pulmonarius had a significant antihyperglycemic effect, halted the progression of diabetes, and reduced the mortality of alloxan induced diabetic mice by approximately 50%. Royse, D. J., 2014. Bessette AE; Kerrigan RW; Jordan DC, 1985. Oyster mushrooms, or Pleurotus Ostreatus as they are called in Latin, are mushrooms you can pick at any time of the year. It Larraya LM; Alfonso M; Pisabarro AG; Rami´rez L, 2003. Domain: Eukaryota. roseus., Food Science and Biotechnology, 24:1741-1748 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10068-015-0226-5, Ram Naraian; Simpal Kumari; Siya Ram, 2016. Zervakis, G. I.; Bekiaris, G.; Tarantilis, P. A.; Pappas, C. S., 2012. Blue Oyster mushrooms are naturally high in lovastatin, a drug approved by the FDA for lowering "bad" cholesterol and raising "good" cholesterol. Current Genetics, 34(6):486-493; 34 ref. Order: Agaricales. JUNCAO technology. Bao D; Ishihara H; Mori N; Kitamoto Y, 2004. Can be from 5–25cm in length. oyster mushroom. Mikologiya I Fitopatologiya, 30(5-6):37-44. Molecular characterization of Pleurotus ostreatus commercial strains by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)., African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8:3146-3150 http://www.academicjournals.org/ajar/abstracts/abstracts/Abstracts%202013/27Jun/Vieira%20et%20al.htm. Volume I & II:1-6. The molecular genetics of cultivated mushrooms Advances in Microbial Physiology, 42:1-23. They’re also similar to the color of raw oysters. Biotechnology Letters, 29(1):129-135.  Extracts of P. pulmonarius added to the diet of mice delayed carcinogenesis, suggesting that these extracts may be useful as an adjuvant to cancer therapies. Gunde-Cimerman N, 1999. A global perspective on the high five: Agaricus, Pleurotus, Lentinula, Auricularia & Flammulina., Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (ICMBMP8), New Delhi, India, 19-22 November 2014. Journal of General Microbiology, 138(3):635-645. Bio-remediation of colored industrial wastewaters by the white-rot fungi Phanerochaete chysosporium and Pleurotus ostreatus and their enzymes, Biodegradation, 20:209-220. Stamets P, 2000. Mymensingh Medical Journal, 16(1):94-99. Online at: www.mushworld.com. According to dataset description, the first column represents the mushroom classification based on the two categories “edible” and “poisonous”. Miller OK; Jr, 1969. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 71(3/4):357-362; 16 ref. The asexual spores are borne externally as conidia.  The archetypal Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, cannot be imported into New Zealand due to perceived risks to their forestry industry.. , Extracts of P. pulmonarius attenuated the development of acute colitis in a mouse model, suggesting a possible clinical use in the treatment of colitis. In: Engels JJM, Rao VR, Brown AHD, Jackson MT, eds. Reid DA; Eicker A; De Kock A, 1998. Israeli Journal of Plant Sciences, 51:237-244. Zervakis GI; Moncalvo JM; Vilgalys R, 2004. (In the early days of fungus taxonomy most of the gilled mushrooms were included in the genus Agaricus.) The Oyster Mushroom was first described scientifically in 1775 by Dutch naturalist Nikolaus Joseph Freiherr von Jacquin (1727 - 1817) and named Agaricus ostreatus. Bajaj M; Vadhera S; Brar APS; Soni GL, 1997. Other than this, the surface has small fine hairs that look almost like wool and provides it with a woolly texture. The flesh is white, firm, and varies in thickness due to stipe arrangement. species and kinds identification using mating and molecular markers. Baars JJP; Sonnenberg ASM; Mikosch TSP; Van Griensven LJLD, 2000. Vieira, F. R.; Pereira, D. M.; Andrade, M. C. N. de; Minhoni, M. T. de A., 2013. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 8:1-17. Pleurotus pulmonarius, commonly known as the Indian Oyster, Italian Oyster, Phoenix Mushroom, or the Lung Oyster, is a mushroom very similar to Pleurotus ostreatus, the pearl oyster, but with a few noticeable differences. Alemawor, F.; Dzogbefia, V. P.; Oddoye, E. O. K.; Oldham, J. H., 2009. Thompson, A. K., 2010. Mushworld, Seoul, Korea. Pleurotus ostreatus. Microbiology, 146:209-221. Hilber O, 1982. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 1:69-80. Ogden A; Prowse K, 2004. Jiang TingTing; Qin PeiSheng; Li JinFeng; Liu Bin; Li ZiLing; Tan MengChao; Wang Jin; Wu ZongHua; Liang Kun; Luo YanQing, 2016. Isolation and characterization of a novel mycovirus, PeSV, in Pleurotus eryngii and the development of a diagnostic system for it. These 4 different categories are Saprotrophic, Mycorrhizal, Parasitic, and Endophytic. Dikaryotic arthroconidiation of Pleurotus subgenus Coremiopleurotus. Excellent Nutritional value. Shiitake mushroom. Host Plant. Phylum: Basidiomycota The spore printof the mushroom is white to lilac-gray, and best viewed on d… Growing gourmet and medicinal mushrooms. Obatake Y; Murakami S; Matsumoto T; Fukumasa-Nakai Y, 2003. Comparative assessment of fungal augmentation treatments of a fine-textured and historically oil-contaminated soil., Science of the Total Environment, 566/567:250-259 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969716309238. Unlike heartier mushroom varieties, oyster mushrooms are flat, tender and quick to cook up. The mushroom has a broad, fan or oyster-shaped cap spanning 5–25 cm; natural specimens range from white to gray or tan to dark-brown; the margin is inrolled when young, and is smooth and often somewhat lobed or wavy. Pleurotus as an exclusive eco-friendly modular biotool., The handbook of microbial bioresources:140-158 http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20163199952.  A methanol extract of P. pulmonarius displayed anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity comparable to the standard reference drugs diclofenac and cisplatin, respectively. Baars JJP; Hendrickx PM; Sonnenberg ASM, 2004. Family: Tricholomataceae. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Most spawn is made with mycelium from a stored culture, rather than mycelium whose parent was a spore. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20103257949. Most mushroom producing fungi are members of this class, with morels and truffles being the exception as members of the phylum ascomycota. Mushroom Growers Handbook 1: Oyster mushroom cultivation. Khatun K; Mahtab H; Khanam PA; Sayeed MA; Khan KA, 2007. Size. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Pleurotus pulmonarius, commonly known as the Indian Oyster, Italian Oyster, Phoenix Mushroom, or the Lung Oyster, is a mushroom very similar to Pleurotus ostreatus, the pearl oyster, but with a few noticeable differences.The caps of pulmonarius are much paler and smaller than ostreatus and develops more of a stem.P. A few examples are: Pleurotus citrinopileatus - The Golden Oyster. , A 2010 study concluded that extracts of P. pulmonarius may slow the proliferation of cancer cells with high galectin-3 levels, while at the same time downregulate tumour cell adherence - which is directly related to the progression and spread of cancer. ISMS XVI Intern. How to make oyster mushroom spawn in a simple way. Lin ZX; Lin ZH, 2001. Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and speciation of the mushroom species Pleurotus cystidiosus and allied taxa. For example, the name oyster mushroom applies to more than 20 different species of mushroom, each with its own cultivation characteristics such as optimal temperature range, colour and growth rate. This mushroom loves low temperature drops and even does best when morning lows are around the 40’s and 50’s. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Proceed. The biodegradation of wheat straw by Pleurotus ostreatus mushrooms and its use in cattle feeding. Faraco, V.; Pezzella, C.; Miele, A.; Giardina, P.; Sannia, G., 2009. A pluralistic approach in the study of Pleurotus species with emphasis on the compatibility and physiology of the European morphotaxa. But depending on how they grow, these mushrooms can be classified into 4 different categories. Molecular breeding of white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus by homologous expression of its versatile peroxidase MnP2. Spawn: properties and preparation. Bioresource Technology, 99(3):457-462. Zervakis G; Balis C, 1996. Mycological Research, 95:1264-1269. They are one of the most widely consumed mushrooms in the world. The other columns are: 1. cap-shape: bell=b, conical=c, convex=x, flat=f, knobbed=k, sunken=s; 2. cap … Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10(17):3006-3009. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 50(6):1535-1537. , P. pulmonarius is commercially cultivated in New Zealand, and is sometimes sold as "Oyster mushrooms". Van Griensven LJLD; Sonnenberg ASM; Straatsma G; Umar MH, 2000. When they were given 500 mg/kg a day, a significant effect was observed after two weeks, and it was four weeks before a significant change was observed at 200 mg/kg. Stajic M; Wasser SP; Reshetnikov SV; Nevo E; Guzmán G, 2003. Oyster mushrooms are grown from mycelium (threadlike filaments that become interwoven) propagated on a base of steam-sterilized cereal grain (usually rye or millet). INTRODUCTION Oyster mushroom is scientifically known as Pleurotus In India also commonly known as “Dhingri”. Zervakis G; Venturella G, 2002. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Medicinal value of the genus Pleurotus (Fr.) Chang ST, 1996. Whiteford JR; Thurston CF, 2000. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 43(3):93-100; 39 ref. It is widely cultivated and consumed in different parts of the world. Genetic polymorphisms and taxonomic infrastructure of the Pleurotus eryngii species-complex as determined by RAPD analysis, isozyme profiles and ecomorphological characters. The Pleurotus eryngii species-complex in Kurdistan region of Iran. Mushroom Research and Development - Equality and Mutual Benefit. Phylogenetic relationships of Pleurotus species according to the sequence and secondary structure of the mitochondrial small-subunit rRNA V4, V6 and V9 domains. Mycoscience, 44(1):33-40. Common species identification and growth-decline law of mosquitoes and flies damaging Pleurotus ostreatus in Nanning, Guangxi., Journal of Southern Agriculture, 47:67-73 http://www.nfnyxb.com/EN/Default.aspx. Your body needs nutrients like vitamin D to regulate blood pressure … A polysaccharide called β-D-Glucan from P. pulmonarius reduces sensitivity to pain in mice, and could be an "attractive" basis for new analgesic medications. Mushroom Growers' Handbook 1: Oyster Mushrooms. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Abdollahzadeh J; Asef MR; Mirmahmoodi T, 2007. Ecogeographical variationin the Pleurotus eryngii complex in Israel. Degradation of fluorene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, and pyrene lacks connection to the production of extracellular enzymes by Pleurotus ostreatus and Bjerkandera adusta. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Controlled atmosphere storage of fruits and vegetables., Controlled atmosphere storage of fruits and vegetables:xvi + 272 pp. In: Science and cultivation of edible and medicinal fungi. Ro HS; Kang EJ; Yu JS; Lee TS; Lee CW; Lee HS, 2007. Welbaum, G. E., 2015. Cox A; Folgering HTM; Van Griensven LJLD, 1988. Zervakis G; Labarère J, 1992. Improving biological efficiency of Pleurotus strain through protoplast fusion between P. ostreatus var. The color ranges from grey-ish … Oyster mushroom reduced blood glucose and cholesterol in diabetic subjects. This mushroom has its prime season in January, but like the others is also a year-round … Oyetayo FL, 2006. They get their name from their oyster-shaped cap and very short (or completely absent) stem. Congress, March 14-17, Miami Beach, Florida, 149-154. Genetically closely related but phenotypically divergent Trichoderma species cause green mold disease in oyster mushroom farms worldwide.
2020 oyster mushroom classification