It is estimated that there are only 400-500 Sumatran tigers left in the wild of Indonesia. Habitat loss and poaching are the two biggest threats the critically endangered Sumatran tiger faces. The major threats to Sumatran tigers are habitat loss due to expansion of palm oil plantations, the planting of acacia plantations and illegal trade for tiger parts and products. The most significant threats facing the Sumatran tiger include poaching and habitat loss. Along with many other Sumatran species the Sumatran tiger is vital to other species and humans. From saving the Sumatran tiger - the most endangered subspecies of tigers - to conserving the habitat of the Sumatran elephant in the island's central Riau province - an area with one of the fastest rates of deforestation in Indonesia - WWF is working with local partners on Sumatra to protect the island's remaining forests and habitats. Nearly 80% of there forest land is gone because of logging. The conservation status of the Sumatran tiger has been of concern since at least the mid-1990s, when the Sumatran Tiger Project (STP) was established, and conservation efforts are currently ongoing. An entire tiger body may be worth as much as $10,000, which motivates poachers on the island who may be unable to find legal employment with the same compensation. Between 1985 … It eats mostly fish, deer, cattle and wild boar. After a period of 3 to 4 months, the mother tiger gives birth to up to 5 cubs. This article examines why the species is so close to extinction. Researchers report that these tigers will soon be restricted to only 20% of the remaining forest area in Sumatra. Ongoing conservation research is searching for alternative economic strategies for Sumatra that may replace the need for the acacia and palm oil industries. In November 2016, the government established the Batu Nanggar Sanctuary to increase protected areas for several species, including the Sumatran tiger. Sadly, fewer than 400 Sumatran tigers are estimated to remain in the wild. It is characterized by its darker body color and wide, black stripes. The reason why they're habitat is being cut down is because the tree's in the habitat have palm oil in them. Indonesia’s last tiger species – the Sumatran tiger – is on the brink of extinction, warns a new report on tiger poaching and trade. This particular species is in high demand on the illegal trade market, where Sumatran tiger body parts have value for local medicinal purposes and as souvenirs. Sumatran Tigers have dark dense fur with narrower stripes than other species, giving them the perfect camouflage to mimic light reflection on the forest floor. Additionally, many tigers are killed by local populations, who consider the tiger as a threat to both the animals on their farms and the people in their communities. Amazing Facts About the Sumatran Tiger. Unfortunately, all subspecies of tiger are endangered (and three already are extinct) because of the combined threats of habitat loss, fear-based persecution by humans, and wildlife trade for their skins, bones and other … The existence of a large predator like the Sumatran Tiger is important for a healthy ecosystem with a rich variety of many different species. The Indonesian Forest Ministry is currently working with the Australia Zoo on several projects, one of which is to reintroduce Sumatran tigers into the wild. Sumatran Tiger – Critically Endangered As per 1978 WWF survey, there were 1000 Sumatran Tigers, but the current Sumatran tiger count is less than 400. By some estimates, a century ago 50,000 to 80,000 tigers roamed India alone. Additionally, increased financial resources have been allocated to the Sumatran tiger conservation efforts in order to support breeding programs and anti-poaching teams. Unfortunately, Sumatran tigers require large tracts of forest in order to survive. Borneo and Sumatra are the only places on Earth where tigers, rhinos, orangutans, and elephants live together. The Sumatran Elephant’s primary habitat is in lush forests and jungles. This means that the tiger population has been fragmented. Other factors that contribute to deforestation include increased human population and urban development. Sumatran tigers are the smallest of the tigers. The Sumatran Tiger otherwise known as Panthera Tigris are in critical danger with less than 400 left due to habitat loss, illegal wildlife trade, and human-wildlife conflict. Tigers are large animals that require a … “Sumatran tigers are critically endangered in the wild and any cubs Lucu and Dharma raise would be a potentially important contribution to the future of the species, which is at risk of extinction due to extensive habitat loss and poaching.” Lucu will spend the weekend in his indoor area at the zoo. The Sumatran Tiger is mainly endangered by the destruction of its habitat and poaching. This threat is primarily due to deforestation, particularly at lower elevations. The Sumatran tiger is native to the Indonesian island of Sumatra, where it lives in both coastal and mountain forests. With fewer than 500 Sumatran tigers left in the wild, every tiger is invaluable to us. These tigers are critically endangered due to habitat loss, conflicts with humans, and illegal hunting. An official estimate from the Environment and Forestry Ministry stated that, as of December 2018, the Sumatran tiger population stood at no … On many parts of the island, illegal timber harvesting, and forest conversion are out of control. One study indicates that consumers would be willing to pay a higher price for margarine if the agriculture needed to produce the product helped provide larger tiger habitats. Sequences from complete mitochondrial genes of 34 tigers support the hypot This subspecies is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species due to poaching, habitat loss and human-wildlife conflict. As Sumatran rain forests fall to palm oil plantations, their critically endangered tiger may soon vanish from the planet. Tigers are still being hunted for their fur and other parts of their bodies that are used in traditional medicine. The Sumatran tiger is the only surviving tiger population in the Sunda Islands, where the Bali and Javan tigers are extinct. The greatest threat known to the Sumatran Tiger is man. The main threats that face the Sumatran … Today, the wild Sumatran tiger population is estimated at between 449 and 679, and is rapidly declining. The Sumatran tiger is on the top of the food chain so it does not get eaten. By Amber Pariona on November 2 2017 in Environment. The illegal poaching syndicates are ruthless and will stop at nothing to supply the market. Threats include habitat loss, poaching, human-tiger conflict, disease, hunting for traditional medicine, and loss of prey. This threat is primarily due to deforestation, particularly at lower elevations. The tigers are especially vulnerable to poaching in the ‘unprotected’ areas. They can be found only on the island of Sumatra.The decline in the population is mainly due to poaching for their skins & bones and habitat loss due to palm plantations. The Sumatran Elephant shares an environment with several other endangered species, including the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan. The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae)* is is the smallest and darkest tiger subspecies and tends to be more bearded and maned than the other subspecies.It is the only remaining island living tiger in Indonesia and inhabits a landscape that ranges from sub-mountain and mountain forest to … Habitat loss is another major factor that threatens the remaining Sumatran tiger population. There aren't many Sumatran Tiger's left in the wild in Sumatra. One of the species facing imminent danger is the Sumatran tiger, which is considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This population was listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List in 2008, as it was estimated at 441 to 679 individuals, with no subpopulation larger than 50 individuals and a declining trend. Sumatran tiger at Smithsonian National Zoo Credit: USFWS. So thats a big jump from 1000 to 500-600. Habitat loss is another major factor that threatens the remaining Sumatran tiger population. The Sumatran tigers live for about 15 to 20 years in the wild. In 1978 there were 1,000 Sumatran Tiger's left and 25 years later the Sumatran tiger population has been cut in half. Most that remain live in five national parks and two game reserves while about 100 live in unprotected areas. Of course, saving one tiger doesn’t just mean preserving its life – it means that it lives out the natural course of its life. Habitat Loss Habitat for the Sumatran tiger has been drastically reduced by clearing for agriculture (particularly oil palm), plantations, and settlement. Although it is illegal to hunt Sumatran tigers, this has not stopped the … Stuffed Sumatran tiger pelts, ivory and other wildlife trophies have been seized by authorities and burned in a bid to fight illegal poaching and the trade of endangered … In fact, the extinction of the Caspian and the Javan tiger can be directly linked to hunting. She was a critically endangered Sumatran tiger, with fewer than 400 thought to be left in the wild. A critically endangered Sumatran tiger has died after being caught in a hunter's trap on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, an official said Wednesday. As Sumatran Tigers are apex predators in their habitat, the continuing decline in their population numbers is likely to destabilise food chains and lead to various ecosystem changes when these prey species experience a release from predation pressure and increase in numbers. This destruction of habitat is considered the greatest threat to the survival of the Sumatran tiger, followed by poaching. This group formerly included the Javan and Bali tigers, both of which are now considered extinct. As recently as 1978 more than 1,000 lived on Sumatra, but thanks to rapid deforestation and rampant poaching their numbers have dropped to … The announcement comes a day before the zoo … In fact, in 2009, the president of Indonesia implemented the objective of reducing deforestation throughout Sumatra, in part to protect this species. The Sumatran tiger is a specific subspecies of tiger, which belongs to the Sunda Island tiger group. The forests are home to marvelous creatures like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard, and flying fox bat, and endangered animals like the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran … The Sumatran Tiger is classed as c ritically endangered, and their numbers are falling — recent reports suggest there are fewer than 400 of them left in the wild. Humun use the palm oil in some of our foods that we have in our supermarkets. 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